Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, an organ very important to the male body, so it is not without cause that it is called the "man's second heart".
This gland takes the form of an open lining located below the bladder. The mouth of the bladder and (partially) the urethra passes through the lining of the gland. Structurally, the prostate gland consists of many tubular-alveolar glands connected by muscle tissue.
The purpose of the prostate gland:
- produce secretions needed to liquefy, preserve and transport sperm,
- regulates urination.
Prostatitis has two types - acute and chronic, of which chronic prostatitis accounts for 95% of all prostatitis.
Foracute prostatitisall signs of a fever are characteristic:
- frequent painful urination;
- painful urination;
- painful bowel movements;
- increased sweating;
- fever and fever;
- lethargy and drowsiness;
- rapid fatigue and a general feeling of weakness;
- decrease in effect.
Chronic prostatitismuch more cunning: creating destructive work in the prostate gland, it reveals very little of its presence. As a rule, the urge to urinate at night (meaning getting out of bed at midnight to go to the toilet) and unexplained discomfort in the groin are typical manifestations of prostatitis. chronic. Unfortunately, very few men take these symptoms seriously.
All of the above symptoms can be observed simultaneously, or they can be selective (only a few symptoms); However, there are situations when a man does not associate these symptoms with a genital pathology, but explains the discomfort with an emotional and fatigue state.
The health state of the prostate gland, alas, is very fragile. According to medical statistics, this gland is very inflamed. It is almost impossible to name a cause that will inevitably cause prostatitis.
Causes of prostatitis
- infestation of the infection; it can be an infection that spreads from nearby organs (for example, inflammatory process in the urethra, bladder, testicles, testicular crest) or from a very distant place - from inflamed glands (tonsillitis), ear (otitis media), teeth (tooth decay), even nail and skin infections.
Infection agents can be many types of bacteria and viruses, as well as different types of fungi and viruses.
- proliferation of stagnant processes both in the prostate itself and in general in the urogenital area of a man, that is, in the absence of a carrier.
Genital congestion is a common phenomenon. That means a man has problems with a proper lifestyle, and as a rule these problems are often caused by a sedentary lifestyle, and they are so interrelated that, according to theThe authoritative scientist, the scale and the comprehensiveness of prostatitis in our time is a tax on civilized benefits. In addition, prostatitis also lies in people who are overly sexually active and those with an ascetic lifestyles.
The emergence of prostatitis can be clearly predicted in men who have sex indiscriminately even when they observe barrier-based contraception.
Who is at risk?
Enemies to prostate health are being overweight, drinking alcohol, smoking, wearing inappropriate clothing (tight, synthetic or out of season), hypothermia, frequent travel by vehicle. (on any vehicle, especially cars and motorbikes), and it doesn't matter, the quality - the driver or the passenger. Men who are forced to walk frequently are twice as likely to develop prostatitis: both from constant vibrations and their inability to empty their bladder and bowels the first time the urge to empty.
Vibration-induced prostatitis has become so common that doctors call it the second recurrence of "Scythian Disease" ("Scythian Disease" - equine prostatitis). From constant vibrations, minor trauma to the perineum occurs, there is a cumulative effect and, therefore, manifests itself into the typical problems of a serious trauma.
Consequences of inflammatory prostate disease
Complications of prostatitis: impotence and infertility, prostate adenoma, prostate sclerosis (death of the gland), prostate cystand many other diseases. To date, medicine has accumulated a sufficient number of examples of interdependenceprostatitis and prostate cancer.
The terrifying scale of prostatitis does not mean hopelessness before this very insidious disease. They only talk about the underdeveloped culture of medical care. Statistics say that 90% of patients who come to see a doctor have had prostatitis, and very few patients are diagnosed in the early stages of the disease.
Yes, in recent years doctors have been talking about small, but markedly positive advances in this area - the number of patients seeking preventive treatment has increased. As a rule, these are young men with a so-called active lifestyle. The medical community welcomes this effort in every possible way.
Diagnosis of prostatitis
The actual determination of prostatitis is only half of the battle. The main thing is to find out what caused it. For this it is supposed to conduct a diagnostic test.
A patient who visits the clinic for a diagnosis of prostatitis will be recommended:
- PCR for genital infections,
- Ultrasound and TRUS of prostate, bladder and seminal vesicles,
- microscope of the prostate secretion,
- sowing the secretion of the prostate gland to identify the causative agent (this is necessary to determine antibiotic sensitivity and to select the appropriate antibiotic),
- various urine tests,
- palpation of the prostate gland.
All of these tests are needed to select a treatment, otherwise it will become a symptom (only for the purpose of relieving pain symptoms, without affecting the treatment itself).
Treatment for acute prostatitis and treatment for chronic prostatitis are markedly different.
Treatment of prostatitis
Treatment for acute prostatitis is often complex and may include:
- antibacterial therapy,
- anti-inflammatory therapy,
- laser therapy,
- prostate massage.
Treatment for chronic prostatitis is always personal and depends on the medical history (from the type of prostatitis) and the individual characteristics of the patient.
The most common type of prostatitis is bacterial prostatitis. Antibiotics for treatment are prescribed taking into account the sensitivity of the bacteria that cause them.
For the most effective treatment possible, antibacterial therapy is combined with laser therapy, prostate massage, as well as anti-inflammatory and restorative therapy.
Prostate massage is necessary to expel purulent masses from the prostate gland, which is always present when the prostate becomes inflamed.
In chronic prostatitis, antibiotics are ineffective as the only form of treatment; Combination with other methods is needed.
After the course of treatment, it is necessary to conduct ultrasound of the prostate gland control and analysis of prostate secretion control.
The prognosis of treatment for prostatitis is favorable (the prognosis of successful treatment of prostatitis in an early stage).